Traditional Methods of Grain Storage and Preservation
The traditional methods of grain storage and preservation date back to since time immemorial which were developed in the communities and passed on from generation to generation. certain traditional methods of grains storage practice are unique to the culture of society and vary among countries, villages, locals and even communities.
In the context of my locality “Bhakari” is one the traditional methods of grain storage which is used specially for unthreshed rice( Oryza sativa). It is a woven bamboo mat rolled into cylinder and placed on one end on a mat. The base consist of rice straw smeared with cow dung. Bhakari may be large medium or small depending upon the quantity of grains to be stored .They may or may not have lids made of straw. They are plastered with cow dung or mud which not only makes it waterproof but also inaccessible to rodents and insect. It has durability of about 3 to 4 years with careful maintenance. It’s found effective to add Neem leaves, salt or dry chilly for control of insects.
Farmers view :
- To reduce moisture content.
- For easy loading and unloading of grains
- Use of bamboo container allows the free exchange of gases inside the grain and keeping container on the ground floor ensures cool temperature for storage.
- Plastering with soil helps to absorb left out moisture in the seeds and grains and avoid spoilage .
- Cow dung act as repellent for storage insect .
It’s is comparatively cheaper than modern methods of storage as it makes utilization of locally available material . It’s eco-friendly and has been proved satisfactory for appropriate storage of grains.